吉尔伽美什史诗和美索不达米亚社会中的妇女

话题:吉尔加什史诗伊师塔Enkidu. 页面:5(2006字) 发布:2012年3月26日
伯大尼TowneWritten作业1西方文明的女性在《吉尔伽美什史诗》中,美索不达米亚在《吉尔伽美什史诗》的社会,性别扮演非常重要的角色,因为女性没有最强大的神还是最强或最聪明的人类,他们仍有巨大的影响周围的人,即使在今天,而不是那些研究和了解美索不达米亚时代女性的人。虽然故事的主角吉尔伽美什和恩基杜是男性,但女性并不一定是次要角色。《吉尔伽美什史诗》中有一个特别的问题就是妇女的地位问题。由于这是一个多年前关于妇女地位的故事,这确实是一个值得讨论的有趣问题,特别是在今天,因为妇女仍然在每个地方和她们所做的每一件事上为平等权利而斗争。了解妇女在社会中地位的历史是很有趣的,比如美索不达米亚社会。在《吉尔伽美什史诗》中,女性的角色是混合的。女人被描绘成妓女、智者和神。有相当数量的神被描绘成女性,它可以代表一个对女性有多种看法的社会。一个没有为女性制定明确规则的社会,一个对平等观点更加开放的社会。 It can easily be seen that while men were considered to be the most powerful and wisest humans and gods, women had the power to significantly influence these men. Several women mentioned and described in the Epic Of Gilgamesh carried roles that had important effects on the men they encountered. Of course, this is not much different from the society we live in today, because while many may believe that women have still not reached the point of true equality, it is hard to say that they are inferior and the significance of their roles in society is undeniable. Though Gilgamesh is known for his misbehavior with women, he knows that he cannot always have his way and do whatever he wants with every women. When he is outside his own territory, this is something that would naturally apply to him. However, it is ironic that he would have to take advice from women, especially when he was so used to misusing them. This was a turn around in Gilgamesh’s nature, as he was left without any options to become immortal. Because of the mistreatment of women, it can be seen that the status of women in this regard demonstrates hidden power. They may be rejected and abused at one point in time, but at another point even a completely different woman will be able to avenge cruel actions. However, as observed in the Epic of Gilgamesh, he is spared of the severest human actions. Ironically, this is through the sympathy of a woman.Women play many more roles than men in this classic. Ninsun, the mother of Gilgamesh, for example, plays the role of the loving, caring mother and also that of the wise counselor that provides guidance. From the very beginning, Gilgamesh seeks guidance from his mother. When he has two dreams about an axe and a meteor, full of concern, he seeks the advice of his mother. At this point, she plays the role of the guiding, comforting mother by analyzing his dreams and relating the two objects to something good, Enkidu, that will soon come into Gilgamesh's life. "My son, the axe you saw is a friend...and I, Ninsun, I shall make him your equal. A mighty comrade will come to you, and be his friend's saviour...". After Enkidu and Gilgamesh become the best of friends, they decide to go to the cedar forest and take on Humbaba. Again, Ninsun takes on her motherly role by praying to Shamash, the sun God, to protect Gilgamesh and Enkidu, whom she has also taken in as a son. “O Shamash, rise against Humbaba the mighty gale winds...let rise thirteen winds and Humbaba's face darken, let the weapons of Gilgamesh then read Humbaba!”. Clearly, gender plays a significant role in terms of Ninsun being a wise woman in a...
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