为什么饮酒年龄应该保持在21岁

主题:饮酒文化滥用酒精酗酒 页数:5(1917字) 发表:2012年10月23日
1971年7月1日,第26条修正案通过,将最低投票年龄从21岁降低到18岁。修正案通过后不久,全美有29个州开始将饮酒年龄从21岁降低到18岁、19岁或20岁。到1984年通过统一饮酒年龄法案时,年轻人的新自由只持续了很短的一段时间。《统一饮酒年龄法案》强迫各州将饮酒年龄改回21岁;通过减少联邦运输基金,对每个没有最低饮酒年龄21岁的州进行补助。这项法案引起了多年的争议,甚至有136所大学的校长称为紫水晶倡议,支持降低最低合法饮酒年龄(MLDA)。所有这些大学校长都签署了一份请愿书,同意降低MLDA。紫水晶协会与另一个叫做负责任地选择的协会合作,该协会也认为MLDA应该被降低。“选择责任协会”发表了约翰·麦卡德尔写的一封内容丰富的信,信中表达了许多他们认为MLDA应该被降低的观点和理由。我读了这篇文章和许多其他文章,认为MLDA应该被降低。 I disagree with all of them for three reasons my first reason is that lowering the MLDA would increase consumption of minors and cause more binge drinking in America, my second reason is that changing the age to twenty one has saved that many lives, and the third reasons is that the drinking before 21 can delay brain development. Becoming an adult in this country should be a process young Americans should have to deal with getting freedoms and rights on age at a time. There is no way an 18 year old is mature enough to drink without learning how to handle having certain rights and freedoms first. For instance, the national alcohol related fatalities rate in 1984, before the MLDA was raised to 21was 4,612 deaths in a year. Since then in 2006, 2,121 people ages 16 to 20 died in alcohol-related fatalities on U.S. roads, according to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration(NHTSA). However some supporters of lowering the MLDA such as John McCardell argue the reason the fatalities have decreased is because of improved safety in cars. McCardell states in his article “improvements in seat-belt use and air bag improvements are the reason the number of fatalities decreased”. However, McCardell forgets to mention that traffic fatalities unrelated to alcohol have also increased 21 percent in the age group of 16 to 20 year olds during the same period of time (NHTSA). In 1984 2,915 people died in unrelated alcohol accidents and in 2006 3,537 died in unrelated accidents (NHTSA). Car safety nothing to do with the drop in alcohol related fatalities, changing the MLDA back to 21 has caused a drop in alcohol related deaths. There are some reasonable arguments that McCardell and other supporters of lowering the MLDA have. One of their biggest arguments is that a large majority of people under 21 drink any ways and many of them dangerously binge drink. This is a true statement according to the 2010 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDH) 48% of 18 to 20 year olds consumed alcohol a month prior to the survey and 33 % of 18 and 20 years old binge drinking. However many supporters of lowering MLDA believe the reason these numbers are so high is because alcohol is outlawed and these young people feel the rush of breaking the law. Ruth Eng a supporter of lowering the MLDA writes in her article (Why the Drinking Age Should be Lowerd) “drinking by teenagers is seen as a forbidden fruit, a badge of rebellion against authority and a symbol adult hood.” However, if Eng s theory is correct the binge drink rates and alcohol consumption rates would lower once young adults turn 21 because it’s finally legal to drink. On the contrast, Eng’s theory is s wrong the rates actually sore higher once...
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