为什么看起来是歧视的最后堡垒

主题:区别性别性别歧视 页数:5(1746字) 发布时间:2010年11月25日
为什么看起来是歧视的最后堡垒

在19世纪,许多美国城市禁止“不雅观”的人在公共场合露面。芝加哥的一条法令是典型的:“任何患病、致残、残缺或以任何方式变形的人,以至于成为难看或令人作呕的对象……不应该……暴露在公众面前,每犯一次罚款1美元。”虽然该government is no longer in the business of enforcing such discrimination, it still allows businesses, schools and other organizations to indulge their own prejudices. Over the past half-century, the United States has expanded protections against discrimination to include race, religion, sex, age, disability and, in a growing number of jurisdictions, sexual orientation. Yet bias based on appearance remains perfectly permissible in all but one state and six cities and counties. Across the rest of the country, looks are the last bastion of acceptable bigotry. We all know that appearance matters, but the price of prejudice can be steeper than we often assume. In Texas in 1994, an obese woman was rejected for a job as a bus driver when a company doctor assumed she was not up to the task after watching her, in his words, "waddling down the hall." He did not perform any agility tests to determine whether she was, as the company would later claim, unfit to evacuate the bus in the event of an accident.

在新泽西州在2005年,的Borgata Hotel Casino酒店的“波尔加塔贝贝”鸡尾酒女招待之一,从大小4到一家大小6,因为甲状腺条件。当服务员,他的合同要求她保持一个“沙漏身材”,这是“身高和体重适当,”要求一个更大的统一,她被拒绝了。“的Borgata辣妹大小不上去,”她被告知。(除非,服务小姐指出,他们有乳房植入物,它高兴地容纳与支付病假和更大的紧身胸衣。赌场)于2001年在加州,詹妮弗Portnick,一个240磅的健美操指导员,被爵士健美操否认了特许经营权,全民健身链。爵士健美操解释说,自己的形象要求导师谁是“适合”和“色调”。但Portnick既:她制定了一个每周六天,教背到后端类和有愿意的学生不乏其人。这种情况是常见的。在由国家协会推进发验收的一项调查显示,其超重的女性成员的62%和超重的男性成员的42%表示,他们已经拒绝了一份工作,因为他们的体重。而且它不只是体重这是在问题; it's appearance overall. According to a national poll by the Employment Law Alliance in 2005, 16 percent of workers reported being victims of appearance discrimination more generally -- a figure comparable to the percentage who in other surveys say they have experienced sex or race discrimination. Conventional wisdom holds that beauty is in the eye of the beholder, but most beholders tend to agree on what is beautiful. A number of researchers have independently found that, when people are asked to rate an individual's

吸引力,他们的反应都相当一致,甚至可以跨越种族,性别,年龄,阶层和文化背景。面部对称性和完美无瑕的肌肤是普遍的赞赏。男人得到了高度的凸点,如果他们有沙漏形身材的女性的青睐,和少数种族获得浅肤色,欧洲的面部特征和传统的“白”发型点。耶鲁大学的凯利布劳内尔和Rebecca Puhl和哈佛大学的南希·艾特考夫对外观的影响,各审查数以百计的研究。艾特考夫认定,没有吸引力的人是不太可能比他们的吸引力同龄人一样聪明,可爱和良好的观看。布劳内尔和Puhl已经证明,超重的人患一贯缺点在学校,在工作和超越。在四分之一世纪的价值研究的主要结论:不吸引人们不太可能被录用...
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