什么是美国革命的主要原因?

主题:美国革命不可容忍法案十三个殖民地 页数:6(2141字) 发表:2001年5月19日,
什么是美国革命的主要原因?
美国独立战争是由美国殖民者的独特性和他们相反他们与英国政府和人民的关系,社会造成。美国的生活并不悠闲的生活。美国移民们努力培养他们的土地和发展自己的城镇。在美洲殖民地,农村生活不仅包括农民,商人也蓬勃发展起来。(汉德林。24)1763年,美国的菌落蔓延西部。法国人和西班牙人在殖民者机会的1763块的土地上驱逐。谁在新的土地和新世界定居美国殖民者一,“人类,自力更生,理性,蔑视既定的思路和主管部门,虚荣,省,时而狂暴,经常不计后果的新品种”。(汉德林130)的紧张关系开始建立殖民地7年的战争之后,或在法国和印度的战争。此时美国菌落繁荣。在美国的移民们没有压迫链甩开。 "In fact, the colonists knew they were freer, more equal, more prosperous and less burdened with cumbersome feudal and monarchical restraints than any other part of mankind in the 18th Century". (Wood 4) They had achieved an economic and political maturity that resented outside interference. (Jensen 34) They did not discover new ideas after 1763, but held up ideas of the rights of Englishmen which had begun back with the Magna Carta. The route to the American Revolution was based on this unique American character and the lack of understanding, which the British Government had for it. After the 7 years war, England was heavily in debt. This was the most that they'd ever been in debt in their history. Two years before the end of the war King George II died, and his grandson George III became king. King George III held the theory that to rule an empire you had to have a tight grip. "The colonies had always been the domain of the crown, administered by royally appointed officials. Parliament had seldom interfered—except to pass the Acts of Trade and Navigation, laws relating to finance, and laws prohibiting or limiting certain colonial manufactures. The attempt by parliament to raise money in the colonies by acts of Parliament, coupled with other restrictive legislation and administrative decisions, forced Americans, for the first time, to attempt a serious definition of their concepts of the power of Parliament over the colonies" (Jensen p.5). Custom laws, which the crown had passed, had never really been enforced. Some of these acts included the 1704 act which required that the colonies limit their export of rice and molasses as well as tar, turpentine, hemp, and other naval stores to England alone, the 1721 act that prohibited importation of any tea, pepper, spices, drugs, silks, and cotton fabrics except through England and the East India Company, and in 1722 the White Pines Act which restricted New Englanders from felling trees beyond a certain circumference. In 1733 The Molasses Act put a tax on molasses which was a key ingredient in making rum (Cook p. 53). The non enforcement of these acts put no strain on the relationship between the colonists and England. The colonists traded with other nations and basically bribed their way out of the restrictions of the acts.

随着法国和印度的战争结束后,英国是负债累累。他们是超过1.33亿英镑的债务。英王乔治三世任命的部长来制定计划,以减轻债务。英国部长们鼓励的习惯法和殖民地的控制更严格的执法。“对于相当多的技巧的政治战术,这些部长做了一些惊人的错误:在美国的观点无知决策是最差的一个,并且拒绝妥协,当这些与会者发表了看法几乎没有那么严重”。(米德49)...


引用:卡斯加菲尔德。萨姆·亚当斯的革命(1765-1776)。纽约:哈珀和
行,1976。
做饭,堂。长保险丝;英国如何失去美国殖民地(1760- 1785年)纽约:大西洋月刊,1995。
弗莱明,托马斯。自由!美国革命。纽约:企鹅集团,1997年。
米德,罗伯特。事业的辉煌;美国革命,1763年至1789年。
纽约:牛津大学出版社,1982年。
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