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由莎拉Conly保姆国家欢呼三声:修辞分析

通过avest 2014年5月4日 1026个字
A Rhetorical Analysis of Sarah Conly’s
“三干杯的保姆国家”
布隆伯格市长和他的政府一直落后于大含糖饮料的禁令。坐式和快餐店,熟食店,电影院,体育场馆,流动食品车和卡车被允许,并从城市卫生署收到一封信等级都必须遵守这一禁令。超市和便利店都没有禁令的一部分,因为它们是由国家规定。上述16盎司任何尺寸。将不可买了高糖饮料。将被禁止含糖饮料是所有非饮食苏打水,能量饮料,果汁饮料或甜的茶是小于50%的牛奶或代乳品和具有大于25个卡路里的热量,每8盎司从禁令中排除是酒精饮料或低热量饮料,包括饮食苏打水,水,不加糖的咖啡,茶或蔬菜和果汁不加糖。该禁令被批准由卫生部在纽约市的董事会,并计划采取3月12日生效,2013年有将是一个宽限期,其中机构受禁令可能会改变一切,需要像菜单进行更改并放养那些即将杯子。在她的文章“三干杯的保姆国家”从纽约时报,萨拉Conly问题在纽约市大含糖饮料的禁令。 There has been much controversy over the proposed ban and if it is imposing on American’s freedom. “It’s because such a ban suggest that sometimes we need to be stopped form doing foolish stuff, and this has become in contemporary American politics, highly controversy, no matter how trivial the particular issue,” is Conly’s take on why there is so much controversy (1). People feel strongly that they know what is best for them, but that isn’t always true. “It’s this common desire to be left alone that prompted the Mississippi Legislature earlier this month to pass a ban on bans – a law that forbids municipalities to place local restrictions on food or drink,” (1). Most people know where they want to be in life, yet don’t have a plan on how to get there. Conly comments “Research by psychologists and behavioral economists … identified a number of areas in which we fairly dependable fail” (2). This tendency is called cognitive bias, which is where peoples own minds trick them. Optimism bias means that people think something bad won’t or can’t happen to them even though there is no reason for this was of thinking. Status quo bias is where people value what they already have over something new. With both these biases, it is hard to make the right choice in certain situations. This doesn’t mean that ordering a 32 oz. soda is a mistake for every person in America. Yet laws can’t be made special for every circumstance. The laws mostly have to take into consideration the majority of the people and how the law will affect them. Having some liberty taken away is an agreement in a democracy. Having the anxiety that this ban will lean into more bans on how to live life isn’t’ a fair assessment. Conly’s thought was “Making these analyses is something the government has the resources to do, just as now it sets automobile construction standards while considering, both the need for affordability and the desire for safety,” (3). Laws and bans are a tool that are to help American’s get to where they want to be in there life. Conly does agree that passing the soda ban would be a good idea. In her editorial, Sarah Conly does a great job at crediting argument by quotes and studies done by other philosophers, but the argument is hard to follow if the reader is not a philosophy major or someone who knows about the subject. Also the way that the opposition is rebutted makes the reader confuse about how the reader stands on the subject until the end when Conly states what side she is on. Conly is a philosophy assistant professor at Bowdoin College. She also is the author or a book called “Against Autonomy: Coercive Paternalism.” The book she wrote is all about laws that make a person do things, or prevent them from doing things, for their own good. Conly sates in her book that humans believe they are more rational than they really are. There is lots of evidence from psychology and behavior economics that backs up the statement that humans are bad at choosing effective was to reach their goals. In certain situations people need help from others to keep them going away from their goal, for example government regulations (Philosophy). Everything from her book is exactly what she used to back up the soda ban and to try and persuade people into thinking the soda ban wouldn’t be so bad. Having the book published by Cambridge University Press helps with Conly’s credibility in what she is saying. Another way Conly shows credibility is the quotes and studies that she states in the editorial. John Stuart Mill is a credited British philosopher from 1800’s. Bringing in the research that was done by a psychologists and behavioral economists who won the Nobel Prize show that the whole argument is bases on facts that have been researched and supported by many creditable people. The argument is multisided because both sides is represented in the editorial. It starts off by stating the opposition and the opposition is brought up throughout the paper. Every time the opposition is mentions, it also states why it is wrong. That doesn’t always help Conly in her argument though. After she stated Mills theory, she goes and contradicts it in a way that makes it confusing for the reader to fully understand why she would have quoted him. Conly wrote this editorial for the New York Times for a particular reason. The readers of the New York Times mainly are educated people who want to say caught up on what is going on in the world around them.

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