托马斯·霍布斯:利维坦摘要

主题:政治哲学利维坦托马斯霍布斯 页数:1(382字) 发表:2012年5月13日
托马斯霍布斯:利维坦
一本书叫利维坦(1660),托马斯·霍布斯写的,在认为,所有社会的和平与团结是,可以通过使用一个主权的实现。霍布斯开始与他的人理论的利维坦。他认为人是一个基本的生物和相对简单。却都认为自己周围的环境,这导致他们的需要和欲望反应的生物。因为世界的环境是不断变化的,从而是人。所有这些不同的欲望,周围放人漂浮在无休止的交战状态。在这种无休止的狂暴状态的人减少到生活在恐惧和焦虑不已的状态。男人只想到了自己因为这样的生活,霍布斯的解决方案是创建一个具有保护不断紧张生物的主要目标的状态。那么这本书的第二部分发挥出来;男人的职责,这个政府正在试图保护他们。 In the eyes of Hobbes, the most efficient form of government is a monarchy because is a single power, strong enough to save man from outside invaders and from themselves. The subjects of such a government have a complete and total duty to their government. Of course there is always the option to leave if one does not like the ideals however, this places man back in the state of constant warring and always defending one's self. Next, Hobbes ponders the question of obedience to divine and sovereign authority. He concludes that there is no reason for the two to clash. But, because of man's belief that god is within human reach, the two conflict. According to Leviathan, because God is supernatural and unreachable, man has no claim to religious authority, leaving only worldly authorities to answer to such as the law. Finally, The final chapter of Leviathan describes a setting for man when they do not follow the rules and ideals set forth for them. In this life, there is an endless manipulation of man by others and they cycle continues. Without...
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