有四个未成年犯管教模式。首先，有治疗模式，其基于的括号Patraie认为国家作为一个少年的监护人。少年法院审查的青年更好地了解少年的存在的问题。之后专家将诊断并制定针对特定少年了治疗方案。一旦具体方案已经完成，少年被放回社会的信念，他们得到康复。少年的心理，生理和社会方面是这种模式的主要重点。然而，少年监禁设施的用途并不被认为是对青少年有益的。第二种模式是司法模式。该模型包含了法律和公平判决的正当程序利用的想法。它拥有一个少年的责任，但也有一个处罚是适当的这是犯了罪。 This model suggests several changes to the juvenile system. These changes include an end to vague terms of sentencing and parole, limiting the free judgment of juvenile practitioners, and the volitional enrolment of rehabilitative programs for the juvenile defender. The third is the Crime Control Model which places certain emphasis on punishment for crimes committed. It is believed that a harsh penalty will teach the juvenile not to commit such acts. This will also show juvenile peers what may happen to them if they perform a criminal act. This model is a strong supporter of incarceration for juvenile defenders. For instance the courts make an example of the juvenile defender. The fourth is the Balanced and Restorative Justice Model. This model focuses its’ attention on the three different but equal goals. The first goal focuses on the accountability of the juvenile for the crimes committed against the...