福利制度的滥用

主题:福利福利陷阱失业 页:24(9679字) 发表:2006年2月12日
1935年的社会保障法案建立了福利,并由各国和领土管理,政府为贫困儿童和其他受抚养人提供管理。WiCipedia将福利定义为“政府对需要经济援助的人支付的金钱,无法工作,或者其情况意味着他们所要求的基本需求的收入超过其工资”(福利(财务援助)).该计划帮助许多家庭在大萧条中生存,仍然有助于家庭今天生存。福利曾经意味着帮助个人重新进入社会滥用和操纵。虐待福利系统已成为一个严重的问题。许多受抚养人主要依赖于他们唯一的收入来源,以支持他们的家庭,而是找到一份工作并支持他们的家庭获得收入。这种滥用福利系统的跨越世,使家庭能够滥用系统而不是使用系统意味着什么。福利制度并非完美无瑕,往往是人们依靠福利检查和食品券,以掌握他们的生活,滥用他们活着。福利在很多方面都很生病。往往有人会居住在贫困中收集政府发布的支票,因为福利福利更好,那么工作效益更好。 Other times one is forced to live unemployed because of their situation. These situations include giving birth, out-of-wedlock, to children and benefiting from them. Another form of abuse on the welfare system is just plain laziness and not obtaining a job that will provide a source of income. While working and earning an income is a great feeling, the benefits are not as good as receiving welfare. Many people receiving welfare cannot find a job that could replace the checks. Some individuals on welfare take part time jobs, thus causing their situation to be not as severe and reducing the amount their welfare check is for. For example, Robert Lerman states in Welfare Reform: An Analysis of the Issues, "If a mother and child on Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) have no income of their own, they may qualify for an average of $500 a month in cash benefits. If that mother takes a part-time job, say at $300 a month, her family becomes "less needy" and her welfare check is reduced (to offset the increase in her income)."(Sawhill). Lerman then goes on to state "The higher the benefit reduction rate (equivalent to a tax on earnings), the weaker the incentive to work. This incentive is further weakened because other earnings benefits (notably food stamps, housing assistance, and Medicaid) are also reduced as earnings increase."(Sawhill). So if someone can receive more money and benefits from welfare then a job, they usually pick welfare. Benefits such as food stamps and Medicaid also cause welfare receivers to not want to work. Not only do they receive food stamps, but also they sell them for money. James C. Ohls states in Welfare Reform: An Analysis of the Issues "…there is undoubtedly some trafficking (clients exchanging stamps at a discount for cash)."(Sawhill). Abusing the food stamp benefit can only cause the government to abandon the idea. This form of abuse is causing one to take away from society rather then add to it. Also, people are abusing the welfare system, not by being in a situation to receive welfare but by having out-of-wedlock children and benefiting from them. This often causes those children to become poverty stricken and to continue this chain. As stated in "Welfare System Abuses Children," "…[the welfare] system that encourages children to have children…."(Welfare System Abuses Children), this is causing teens to start having children to receive more money from the government, which not always goes to the children. It is common for a woman on welfare to give birth to their first child as a teen (Sawhill). Also stated in Welfare Reform: An Analysis of the...
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