车身仪式的总结其中Nacirema

话题:社会学文化仪式 页数:2(724个字) 发布时间:2011年12月14日
“身体仪式在这些Nacirema”摘要
在散文“身体仪式在这些Nacirema”,人类学家贺拉斯矿工描述了一组被称为“Nacirema”的人,而是指的是美国人,他们的文化信仰深深扎根在角度上说,人的身体是修剪疾病和毁容。因此,他们的生活的很大一部分都花在了不寻常的礼仪和习俗,以提高那些充满神奇的成分的身体条件。Moreover, Miner uses the Nacirema’s unusual culture to establish his view that we simply could not judge another culture that it is different from our own, as opposed to another anthropologist Malinowski’s point that we can judge another culture since we are superior but we should not (Miner 173). Among different “exotic” rituals practiced by the “Nacirema”, an important one involves the “shrine”, for it is almost impossible to find a household without it. Each person worships in front of the “charm box” in the shrine, which holds vast amount of magical drinks and remedies whose components are only known to the medicine men (Miner 172). The “shrine” is referring to the bathroom in each American household, and the “charm box” being the medicine cabinet and the “medicine men” referring to doctors. The “worshipping” behavior shows Americans’ obsession with appearances, as they fear the ugly natural form of the body, and perform the daily routine of cleansing and examining themselves in front of the mirror (172). This most usual routine for average Americans can be seen as bizarre and exotic when judged from an outside culture. Miner further describes another significant ritual, the “sacred mouth practice” which involves inflicting pain by a specialist of the mouth area to prevent its deterioration, along with a different procedure done by the individual privately on a daily basis. The Nacirema fears the decay of the mouth area, and believes its condition also affect their social...


引:矿工,霍勒斯。“身体仪式之中Nacirema”。美国人类学家。1965年6月:503-507。打印。
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