妇女在汉谟拉比的代码状态

主题:婚姻女人家庭 页数:3(969个字) 发表:2006年3月18日
纵观汉谟拉比的代码,很清楚地表明古代近东曾在其需要有法律来落实到位,以提供保护,以免受虐待女性家长制。法律放在妇女的嫁妆,并在可能发生离婚的方式限制。状态,因此,认识到女性需要从男性权威的某些法律保护。不幸的是,尽管这样的法律保护是理所当然的,女性都在不断解决类似于奴隶一块地产。因此,在汉谟拉比的代码,展示女性的个人权利如何把后座在古代近东的社会秩序和分层的几个重大问题。有人认为,女人的性欲应该被牺牲,以确保她的合法性。一个家庭的财富是由家庭的父亲控制,最后,这是离婚或丧偶的妇女被视为需要社会在近东的帮助。也许是被牺牲的妇女权利最明显的例子是,一个妻子被认为以同样的方式作为一个儿子或女儿财产。她发生性关系完全属于她的丈夫,如果任何其他人与此干扰,他与盗窃被处罚。在婚姻中女人的性欲成了她丈夫的财产。 Even the possibility of adultery was taken very seriously. A wife caught in the act of adultery was to be tied to the other lover and drowned. A husband could save his wife but then he had to save her lover as well (Pritchard 152). Another issue dealing with women's sexuality in relation to her social status was how to handle unwanted babies. Fathers had to decide whether to claim any newborn as his child especially if it was conceived as the result of a wife's affair. In the ancient Near Eastern society, motherhood was understood, but fatherhood was not. It seems as though the only solution to this was to place harsh restrictions on female sexuality. While Hammurabi's Code doesn't...
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