玛格丽特桑格儿童时代的修辞分析

话题:玛格丽特·桑格修辞美国诞生联盟 页面:5(1802字) 发布:2013年4月15日
“儿童时代”的修辞分析
如今,人们认为避孕是理所当然的。在不久的一段时间里,这个主题是非法的(《玛格丽特·桑格》,2013年,第1页)。但这并没有阻止这位节育运动的坚强领袖。玛格丽特·桑格是一名护士和妇女活动家。在担任护士期间,桑格治疗了许多遭受不安全堕胎或试图自我诱导堕胎的妇女(第1页)。看到这种破坏,并注意到遭受这些问题的主要是低收入妇女,她受到鼓舞,献身于对妇女进行计划生育教育,尽管讨论计划生育在当时是非常非法的(临1)。她经常遇到法律上的麻烦,不得不多次逃离这个国家(p.2)。然而,桑格从未放弃赋予女性选择母性的权利。在20世纪20年代早期,她主张将节育合法化。她在美国创立了第一家节育诊所,也就是现在的计划生育协会。 Sanger believed that no child should be unwanted or born into adverse circumstances and that the use of birth control would establish a society of healthy and happy families (p. 2). In 1925, while attending a national birth control conference in New York, Sanger delivered her speech, “The Children’s Era” (“American Birth Control League,” 2012, para. 4). She used many rhetorical devices to sway and solidify her audience’s perception. The predominant devices were logos and pathos. Metaphors, alliteration, and repetition were used to strengthen the elements of the logos and pathos arguments. Metaphors help people understand an idea by comparing the unfamiliar to the familiar. Alliteration brings power to the words because of uniformity. Repetition helps the audience to remember the most important points. These devices were used primarily to reinforce her main rhetorical devices of logos and pathos. Logos draws on the logic and reason of the audience. People are more likely to agree with reasonable ideas that make sense to them. Pathos plays on the emotions of the audience. People are more easily persuaded when their emotions are manipulated. Through the use of these rhetorical devices, Sanger was successful in supporting her thesis that the mother’s right to choose parenthood, and the rights of the unborn child, were paramount to build an ideal society. Establishing the need for change, Sanger (1925) began her speech by referencing a book by Ellen Key called The Century Of The Child (para. 1). The book first introduced the idea that the time was now, change is imminent, and we “would see this old world of ours converted into a beautiful garden of children” (Sanger, 1925, para. 1). Sanger then further elaborated on the analogy to depict the hard work, dedication, and care that it takes to properly raise a child. Before you can cultivate a garden, you must know something about gardening. You have got to give your seeds a proper soil in which to grow. You have got to give them sunlight and fresh air. You have got to give them space and the opportunity (if they are to lift their flowers to the sun), to strike their roots deep into that soil. And always—do not forget this—you have got to fight weeds. You cannot have a garden, if you let weeds overrun it. So, if we want to make this world a garden for children, we must first learn the lesson of the gardener. (Sanger, 1925, para. 3) By raising simple, logical ideas that the audience could relate to with the use of the words “cultivate,” “know something,” “proper soil,” “sunlight,” and “fresh air,” and the fact that you cannot let weeds overrun your garden, Sanger (1925) led her audience to agreement (para. 3). The idea of comparing children to weeds that need to be eradicated to allow the flowering children to prosper might seem radical to some. Yet, after following the gardening...


引用:美国避孕联盟。(2012)。维基百科。从http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/american_birth_control_league中检索
玛格丽特桑杰。(2013)。传记频道。从http://www.biography.com/people/margaret- sanger-9471186中检索
Sanger,M。(1925)。孩子的时代。爱荷华州立大学妇女政治交流档案。从http://womenspeecharchive.org/women/profile/speech/index.cfm?profileid=113speechid=478中检索
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