医生协助自杀

主题:安乐死死亡自杀 页数:20(7664字) 发布时间:2003年10月12日,
在今天的社会中,最有争议的问题之一是身患绝症的医生协助自杀。很多人觉得这是不对的人,不管他们的健康状况,要求他们的卫生保健提供者,以结束自己的生命;而其他人觉得这是他们的权利,可以选择他们是如何以及何时死亡。当医生被要求帮助病人到死,他们有与单一的问题一起去很多责任。在这些职责是:提供有效信息的绝症病人的痛苦,教育病人,以什么他们最终的选择可能,使得是否要帮助病人到死亡的决定,并且如果他们真的决定为了提供帮助,提供药物的致死剂量将结束病人的生命。对于那些谁相信医生协助自杀应该是他们的选择,他们觉得这应该合法化,因为:他们不想经历引起绝症的痛苦;他们担心他们的自主性(独立)的损失;成为一个负担,他们的家人或朋友,也单独死亡的恐惧。一个另一方面那些反对协助自杀的感觉它违背了宗教信仰和医德。 They also believe that there is always the possibility that a miracle will occur and the patient will overcome the illness and also that the doctor could have provided the wrong prognosis/diagnosis to the patient. The strongest reason against physician-assisted suicide has been the idea that if assisted suicide becomes legal, it will get out of hand and target certain people in society, such as those with disabilities, or certain races. In 1990, physician-assisted suicide became better known to the public when Dr. Jack Kevorkian, a retired pathologist, helped to assist his first patient into death (Landau 80). Kevorkian had created a machine, known as the "suicide machine", which was made up of three glass bottles connected to an IV. In the three bottles were saline solution, a sedative, and potassium chloride (Gay 45). When the patients felt they were ready to begin the process, they turned the machine on themselves and were first put to sleep by the sedative and then killed by the potassium chloride. According to one source, when people began hearing about the emergence of Dr. Kevorkian and his "suicide machine", many terminally ill patients began to fear their physician. The patients started believing that all physicians were out to assist them to death or try to talk them into physician-assisted suicide (Thomas 14). According to Kathlyn Gay, Kevorkian claimed that he had caused no death; he just helped with his patient's "last civil rights." He believes that doctors that don't help assist their patients are like the Nazi doctors during World War 2, those who used experiments on the Jewish people (50-51). In a magazine article by James F. Keenan, he reports that, "Anyone familiar with Jack Kevorkian, M.D., who travels around the Michigan area providing physician-assisted suicide, ought not be surprised at the number of women he has helped die. Out of 43 deaths, 15 of his 'patients' were men, 28 were women" (Keenan 15). It was also reported by Keenan that Kevorkian's male patients had severe terminal illnesses that left them incapable of living, while the female patients suffered from breast cancer and other illnesses that are curable (16). In many cases involving female patients wanting to use Physician-Assisted suicide, it was found that most people felt their request was "emotional, unreflective, and immature" (Keenan 16). Many people were angered at what Kevorkian was doing and felt that he wasn't assisting the terminally ill. They believed that people should and could find an alternative method of relief for their illnesses (Gay 47). The Detroit Press reported that on, June 4, 1990, Janet Elaine Adkins, became the first patient Dr. Kevorkian assisted into death, as previously mentioned....


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