胎儿畸形案例

主题:科学的方法失能怀孕 页数:3(856个字) 发布时间:2015年7月12日
Fetal Abnormality Case Study
随着医学技术的进步,当孩子还是胎儿的时候就可以检测出医学异常,如果发现了严重的异常,父母就会做出艰难的选择。有很多关于胎儿道德状态的理论,可以用来决定如果这些异常被检测到该如何进行。在胎儿畸形的案例研究中,杰西卡、马尔科、玛丽亚和威尔逊医生根据不同的道德地位理论,各自对采取何种行动有不同的看法。

她之间渴望成为财务独立,她认为,所有生命都有价值杰西卡被撕裂。Her belief is what Sebo (n.d.) describes as moral status based on something simply being alive, including all living organisms and ecosystems, etc. She may decide not to terminate her pregnancy because all life is sacred to her and has its own value and rights. Marco is also worried about how having a disabled child will be a financial burden. However, it is not definite that the child will even have Down Syndrome or what its level of functioning will be, or if the child will only be born without arms and no mental disability. Marco is possibly viewing the fetus at its current age as lacking moral status according to three theories, moral status based on moral agency, consciousness, and sentience (Grand Canyon University [GCU] 2015; Sebo, n.d.). Moral agency is the ability to make judgments about whether actions are right or wrong and if intentions can be morally judged (GCU, 2015). According to studies, fetuses do not develop consciousness (rationality or cognitive properties) or sentience (the ability to feel pleasure or pain) until around week 28 (Kleeman, 2005; Koch, 2009). Based on the information given in the case study, the fetus is less than 28 weeks. Marco may discuss termination with Jessica based on these three theories. Dr. Wilson also takes the stance on the fetus lacking moral...


参考文献:Jaworska,A.,&坦南鲍姆,J。(2013)。的道德地位的理由。在斯坦福哲学百科全书在线。E. N. Zalta(编)。从http://plato.stanford.edu/archives/sum2013/entries/grounds-moral-status/检索
大峡谷大学。(2015年)。神学人类学和疾病和疾病[讲义]的现象。从https://lc-ugrad1.gcu.edu/learningPlatform/user/users.html?operation=loggedIn#/learningPlatform/loudBooks/loudbooks.html?currentTopicname=Theological%20Anthropology%20and%20the%20Phenomenology%20of%20Disease检索%20于是%20Illness&的ViewPage =当前的操作&= innerPage&topicMaterialId = 9be55830-e267-456e-9cde-1793dd19e540&内容识别= 7d80375a-2e02-4c06-8b2c-c8449e6b23af&
卡里曼,E.(2005)。什么时候胎儿感到疼痛?从http://discovermagazine.com/2005/dec/fetus-feel-pain检索
科赫,C。(2009)。什么时候意识在人类婴儿产生的呢?从http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/when-does-consciousness-arise/检索
皮脂,J。(N.D.)。伦理:道德状态[视频文件。从https://www.khanacademy.org/partner-content/wi-phi/value-theory-1/v/moral-status检索
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