腐败

主题:媒体,中国,中华人民共和国 页数:7(2504字) 发布时间:2013年2月3日
介绍
在中华人民共和国已经从广泛的腐败遭受了多年。2012年,中国排名第80在178个国家在透明国际的清廉指数中,排名低于大多数发达国家。这个严重的问题已成为众矢之的。2002年中国内地的全国性调查,亚洲晴雨表调查我的一部分,表明近一半的人认为腐败的政府作为共同的严重问题。那么什么是腐败的决定因素?按照(耆那教,2001年),在一般情况下,有三种类型的决定因素。第一个是在管理腐败与内部机制和鼓励政府内部。在检查腐败,如特定和独立的组织反腐败外部机构的第二类型的浓缩物。最后一个分支提出,腐败会通过一些间接因素,如文化来解释。因此,根据这种分类,自由媒体应该是一个外部机制来控制腐败。 That is, the freedom of Mass media is normally viewed as significant human rights and powerful controls against corruption of government. “An independent press is probably one of the most effective institutions to uncover trespassing by government officials. The reason is that any independent journalist has a strong incentive to investigate and uncover stories on wrongdoing. Countries with a free press should, therefore, ceteris paribus, have less corruption than countries where the press is controlled and censored.” Unfortunately, the role of Media in China is really specific. The relationship between the Chinese news media and the Chinese government is diametrically opposite of that between the media and the government in democratic societies, such as America. “Against a backdrop of rapid socio-economic change and modernization, China continues to be an authoritarian one-party state that imposes sharp curbs on freedom of expression, association, and religion; openly rejects judicial independence and press freedom; and arbitrarily restricts and suppresses human rights defenders and organizations, often through extra-judicial measures.” In modern democracies, the media perform the function of a social watchdog. Government policy, the personal integrity of government officials and foreign relations are all objects of critical debate by the media. However, Chinese government exercise strict control over public opinion and set numerous limitations for the media to restrict freedom of journalists. According to the reported published by Committee to Protect Journalist, an independent nonprofit organization based in New York City that promotes press freedom and defends the rights of journalists, between 1998 and 2002 there are 115 Chinese journalists were arrested on charges suggesting a state frame-up and reporting the unrest in minority areas, the largest number anywhere in the world. Generally speaking, there are two major unique characteristics of Media in China. On one hand, the censorship of Media in China is really rigid. Government exerts its power to control news sources and to prevent ordinary people from providing sensitive information to both domestic and foreign media. For example, the Nandan municipal government made every effort to impose a news blackout and ordered physical assaults on anyone who spoke to a journalist after the mining accident on July 17, 2001 that killed 81 people. When three major local media dispatched reporters to cover the story ten days after the accident, local government officials slammed doors in their faces and warn them to keep silence. On the other hand, the majority of media in China are owned by government. Put another way, Chinese media are not independent organization. In democratic countries, the news media industry has independent legal status so that the boss of the media...
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