第92条 - 良好的秩序和军事纪律

话题:武装部队军队军队 页面:7(2616字) 发布:2011年4月20日
第92条

良好的秩序和军事纪律:
美国陆军的纪律条例将军事纪律定义为“所有军人的严格和尊重符合法律,军事法规和指挥官(上级)规定的秩序和规则”。“军事纪律是一种特殊的军事关系形式。其细节介于协调军事人员的行为和行动,以及为成功联合活动所需的建立这种关系。军人的行为是由法律,军事法规和指挥官(上级)的特殊规则和行为标准调节,并反映了军事组织的具体特征和国家对军事人员行为的要求。军事纪律作为军人的关系和行为的顺序构成了军事单位和脱离的内部秩序的关键组成部分。通过规范服务员的关系和行为,军事纪律形成内部秩序的基础和结构,作为武装部队的生命和活动的组织方式,渗透其所有要素,因为内部订单的维护和提升是基于合规性具有规定的规则和行为标准。众所周知,功能和发育密不可分地连接在一起,同时,定性不同,每个都受其自身特定法律来控制。The functioning process proceeds according to the laws of a relatively stable state, the system's mode of existence and its movement in the given qualitative state, whereas the laws of development are laws governing the system's transition from one state to another, i.e., a change of states which results in the system's transition to a qualitatively different level of functioning. The unity of functioning and development is an expression of the contradictory mode of existence of the military organization (just as of any system in general), in which functioning corresponds to relative rest, and development, to absolute motion. The interconnection and specifics of the functioning and development of the military organization as an integrated system determine the common character of military discipline and military control, and the difference between them. What they have in common is that both of them are kinds of organizational relations and act as parts or aspects of the military organization. And the difference between them is that discipline ensures the functioning of the Armed Forces as a system, whereas control ensures their development. In other words, military discipline is a mechanism for maintaining, and military control is a mechanism for transforming the military organization. Discipline is the aspect of the military organization that ensures a stabilization of its level, whereas control is the aspect that carries the Armed Forces to a higher level of development. Currently there is a fully shaped view on the psychological foundations of discipline as a specific set of personal and interpersonal structures and processes in mental regulation, which secure normative behavior in servicemen. The set includes the following: individualized personal sense of discipline (structure, development, conditions of functioning, causes and forms of disciplinary deviations), social psychology of group (interpersonal) disciplinary processes and structures, managerial psychological mechanisms for discipline, etc. Enhancing the normative component in behavior, including that of enlistees, is a continuous joint endeavor by the entire personnel, from commanders to subordinates, as for that matter is the effort to keep this kind of behavior at a required level. Also participating in the endeavor are collective--formal and informal--structures of the military public. The latter, as the present writer sees it, impact on the state of discipline mostly in the...
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